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Relocating to Mongolia

Relocating to Mongolia

Discover the Charm of Ulaanbaatar - Where Friendly Locals and Affordable Living Meet.


  1. Visa and work permit: You would need to obtain a visa and a work permit before you can legally work and reside in Mongolia.

  2. Cost of living: Mongolia's cost of living is relatively low, but it's essential to research and plan for expenses such as housing, transportation, and food.

  3. Climate: Mongolia's climate is harsh, with long and cold winters and short summers. Ensure that you have the appropriate clothing and gear for the weather.

  4. Language: Mongolian is the official language, and English is not widely spoken. Learning the language or hiring a translator would be helpful.

  5. Culture: Mongolia has a unique culture and customs that you should familiarize yourself with before moving there.

  6. Health and Safety: Mongolia has limited medical facilities, and it's essential to research and take necessary health precautions. Also, be aware of safety concerns, especially when traveling alone or at night.

  7. Infrastructure: Mongolia's infrastructure is developing but is still relatively basic compared to developed countries. Research and plan for transportation, internet access, and other amenities you may require.

Section 1: Overview of Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

Ulaanbaatar is the capital city of Mongolia and the country's largest city. It is located in the northern part of Mongolia and is situated in a valley between four mountains. The city has a population of over 1.5 million people, which accounts for almost half of Mongolia's total population. Ulaanbaatar is known for its unique blend of traditional Mongolian culture and modern city life.

Section 2: Moving to Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

If you are planning to move to Ulaanbaatar, there are a few things to consider. First, the cost of living in the city is relatively low compared to other major cities around the world. However, finding affordable housing can be challenging. The city has a variety of neighborhoods, each with its unique character and charm. It is essential to research and visit potential neighborhoods before committing to a rental or purchase.

Second, the climate in Ulaanbaatar is extremely harsh, with long, cold winters and short summers. It is essential to prepare for the cold temperatures by investing in warm clothing, including hats, gloves, and a thick coat. Additionally, the air quality in the city can be poor due to traffic congestion and industrial pollution, so it is advisable to invest in an air purifier for your home.

Section 3: Living in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

Living in Ulaanbaatar can be both challenging and rewarding. The city is rich in history and culture, and there are plenty of opportunities to explore traditional Mongolian art, music, and food. The city also has a vibrant nightlife scene with plenty of bars and nightclubs to choose from.

However, as with any large city, there are some downsides to living in Ulaanbaatar. Traffic congestion can be a problem during peak hours, and the public transportation system is limited, so owning a car is essential. Additionally, as mentioned earlier, the air quality in the city can be poor, which can have adverse effects on health.

Overall, Ulaanbaatar offers a unique and exciting experience for those who are willing to embrace its culture and adapt to its climate and lifestyle. It is a city with much to offer, from its rich history and culture to its modern amenities and vibrant nightlife. With careful planning and preparation, moving and living in Ulaanbaatar can be an incredibly rewarding experience.

Additionally, Ulaanbaatar has a relatively low cost of living compared to other cities in the region. The cost of rent, groceries, and transportation is generally affordable, which can be appealing for expats on a budget. However, it is important to note that certain items, such as imported goods, can be expensive due to high tariffs.

One downside to living in Ulaanbaatar is the air pollution. During winter months, smog and fog can be particularly dense, posing health risks to residents. As such, it is important to invest in air filters and protective masks if you plan to live in Ulaanbaatar.

Another consideration is the language barrier. While many locals speak English, particularly in tourist areas, knowledge of Mongolian can greatly enhance your experience and ease your daily life. It may be worthwhile to enroll in a language class to improve your communication skills.

Overall, Ulaanbaatar offers a unique and enriching experience for expats looking to live in a dynamic and culturally rich city. With its affordability, welcoming locals, and access to natural beauty, Ulaanbaatar is a city worth considering for your next international move.

Section 4: Cost of Living in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

One of the biggest factors to consider when moving to any city is the cost of living. In Ulaanbaatar, the cost of living can vary greatly depending on your lifestyle and the neighborhood you choose to live in.

Housing is one of the biggest expenses in Ulaanbaatar. Rent prices can range from as low as $200 per month for a small apartment to over $1,000 per month for a larger, more luxurious apartment. It is important to note that many apartments in Ulaanbaatar do not come furnished, so you will need to factor in the cost of furniture and appliances if you choose to rent an unfurnished apartment.

Food and dining out can be very affordable in Ulaanbaatar, especially if you are willing to eat like a local. Traditional Mongolian dishes like buuz (steamed meat dumplings) and khuushuur (fried meat pies) can be found for very low prices at local restaurants and cafes. However, if you prefer to eat at Western-style restaurants, you can expect to pay higher prices.

Transportation costs in Ulaanbaatar are generally low. Taxis are widely available and relatively cheap, with most rides within the city costing around $3 to $5. The city also has a bus system, which is even more affordable.

Other expenses to consider include healthcare, utilities, and entertainment. Healthcare in Mongolia is affordable and of a high standard, with many modern hospitals and clinics throughout the city. Utilities such as electricity, gas, and water are also relatively cheap, with most people paying around $30 to $50 per month.

In terms of entertainment, there are plenty of affordable options in Ulaanbaatar. Museums and cultural attractions like the National Museum of Mongolia and the Gandantegchinlen Monastery are inexpensive to visit, and there are also many parks and outdoor spaces to explore for free.

Overall, the cost of living in Ulaanbaatar can be quite affordable if you are willing to live like a local and make some adjustments to your lifestyle. However, if you prefer a more luxurious lifestyle or want to live in a more upscale neighborhood, you can expect to pay higher prices.

Section 5: Salary Range for Different Sectors

Ulaanbaatar, the capital city of Mongolia, has a diverse economy with numerous sectors offering employment opportunities. The salary range in different sectors varies greatly, depending on the profession and experience level.
  1. Mining Sector Mongolia is rich in natural resources, particularly in mining. Salaries in the mining sector are relatively high, with the average salary ranging between $5,000 to $20,000 USD. This sector includes a variety of professions, such as geologists, engineers, technicians, and miners.

  2. Education Sector The education sector is another significant employer in Ulaanbaatar, with teaching being the most common profession. Salaries in this sector start from $1,100 to $2,500 USD, depending on the level of education, experience, and institution. For instance, international schools pay higher salaries than local schools. Additionally, teaching positions that require specialized skills or qualifications may receive higher salaries.

  3. IT Sector The IT sector is rapidly growing in Mongolia, with many companies establishing their presence in Ulaanbaatar. The average salary for IT professionals is around $1,500 to $3,000 USD. However, senior-level positions or those requiring specialized skills can earn significantly higher salaries.

  4. Finance Sector The finance sector in Ulaanbaatar offers employment opportunities for accountants, financial analysts, investment bankers, and other financial professionals. Salaries in this sector vary depending on the company, the level of experience, and the specific job. On average, salaries range between $1,500 to $5,000 USD.

  5. Hospitality Sector The tourism industry is a significant contributor to Ulaanbaatar's economy, with many hotels and restaurants employing both locals and foreigners. Salaries in the hospitality sector range from $500 to $1,500 USD, with tips and bonuses making up a significant portion of the income.

In conclusion, Ulaanbaatar offers a diverse range of employment opportunities across multiple sectors. The salary range varies greatly depending on the profession, level of experience, and industry. It is important to research and negotiate the salary package before accepting a job offer to ensure that it aligns with the cost of living in the city.

  • Accommodation: A one-bedroom apartment in the city centre costs around £360 to £500 per month, while outside the city centre, the rent can be around £210 to £310 per month.

  • Food: A meal at an inexpensive restaurant costs around £2.60 to £4.30, while a three-course meal at a mid-range restaurant can cost around £10.80 to £18. The cost of groceries for a week for one person can be around £20 to £30.

  • Transportation: A one-way ticket for public transportation costs around £0.25 to £0.40, while a monthly pass costs around £10 to £13. Taxis charge around £0.60 per kilometre.

  • Utilities: Basic utilities for a small apartment can cost around £40 to £50 per month, while internet and mobile phone plans can cost around £9 to £15 per month.

  • Healthcare: Public healthcare is free in Mongolia, but private healthcare can be expensive. A visit to a private doctor can cost around £30 to £40.

Overall, the cost of living in Ulaanbaatar is relatively low compared to many other major cities around the world. However, the cost of accommodation and private healthcare can be expensive, so it's important to budget accordingly.